As Bobby Sherman has already pointed out, we have sent spacecraft to the surface of Venus and Mars. We’ve also sent people to our moon and a lander to Titan orbiting Saturn. We’ve retrieved photos from all these places. Here they are.
First, our sister planet Venus (sister because it’s almost the same size as Earth), was photographed by the Russians.
Next, Mars has been photographed many, many times by our Mars Rovers.
Our moon was photographed by astronauts walking on it:
Titan was imaged by NASA by sending a probe to the surface.
Those are the places we visited on the surface. Of course, we’ve orbited and passed by many other bodies in our solar system, but this is where we have images from the ground.