You do realize that there is no solid land over the North Pole, right? There’s ice floating on the ocean, and the ice sheet moves around as it floats. Underneath the ice there is the ocean.
Therefore, to drill into the North Pole you could just drill a hole through the ice until you hit water, or go to the bottom of the ocean and start drilling on the ocean floor.
There’s no specific reason to do so, however, and doing so would be pretty fruitless.
The North Pole has been reached by walking, by ice-breaker ship and by airplane. In the image below, a woman traveling on the Russian nuclear icebreaker Yamal holds a sign marking the North Pole, however, because the ice drifts, the sign also drifted away from the pole.
There is no first day of spring. There is a spring equinox. This spring of 2019 it will be March 20th at 4:58 PM Central Daylight Time (future tense as of time of writing). Adjust accordingly for your time zone.
Equinox is when the days and nights are of equal length. There’s two equinoxes: Spring and Autumn. It happens to be when Earth passes a particular point in orbit around the sun. This year, that moment will be at March 20th and 4:58 PM CDT. After that moment we enter the spring season, and days in the Northern Hemisphere will officially be longer than nights.
I recognize this is the Internet and many will read this after the fact, but the principle remains the same. There is no official first day of spring. There is only the moment of the spring equinox.
When I was a young boy we used to go hiking in the Adirondacks. My father would sling an ax over his shoulder and my mother and her three boys would set out on an adventure in the mountains.
We would come across leantoos. This is basically a wooden shack with a roof and one side open to the elements. It was shelter provided by the park service. We’d set up camp and spend the night.
I was the youngest of three boys and although these were really cool adventures, my brothers were 8 and 10 years older than me, so I used to complain a lot about all the walking.
Some of the places we visited had water falls and pools of deep, cold and fresh water. Because nobody thought to bring bathing suits, they went skinny dipping.
Now, don’t try. They’re watching from the sky.
Specialized spy satellites that can photograph things as small as a fist are flying above us. I can even see the junk in my backyard by searching Google Earth, and word is the governments have even better satellites flying at over 17,000 mph about 200 miles above.
Since GPS achieved Fully Operational Capability on July 17, 1995, GPS has become an essential navigational tool for civilians and military alike. Keeping the system up-to-date has proved to be a problem. Originally the system was supposed to be up and running in February of 2016 but has been delayed at least until 2023.
The latest iteration of the GPS satellite array is called GPS Block III. These satellites must be launched (and will greatly increase navigational accuracy) in order to keep the Navstar global positioning system operational.
The satellites have already been built by Lockheed-Martin and consist of ten new, advanced satellites to be launched into orbit by SpaceX Falcon rockets. The hold up is the U.S. government wanting to make sure the hardware actually gets up there as they independently seek to confirm the safety and reliability of the SpaceX rocket systems.
The new GPS satellites will boost additional easier to track signals for civilian navigational uses and a Military code (M-1) providing anti-jamming security use for the military.
It just moves forward. The moon isn’t stationary. It has inertia and no atmosphere in space to slow it down. It just goes. As it moves forward, the gravity of Earth tugs on it and it falls, but because it’s moving forward it misses Earth as it falls and goes around, again and again. That’s called an orbit.
I don’t know the answer to your question. However, consider this. We are not standing still. In time the Earth rotates around it’s axis, the Earth also rotates around the sun, the sun rotates around the galactic center and the galaxy is merging with Andromeda.
We are therefore moving at hundreds of thousands of miles per hour in space. Fast forward 10 seconds and you will find yourself in outer-space without a spacesuit!
Hypothetically, we are living in an infinite universe. How far is a “near planet?”
If the planet is within a very close 200–300 light years, then there might be some possibility, within 200–300 years, that we might detect each other. If the life form is on the other side of the Milky-way, or in another galaxy, then there is no possibility.